“The purpose of the university is nothing less than to procure a moral, intellectual, and spiritual revolution throughout the world” – Robert Hutchins
Perennialism is a teacher-centered educational philosophy that focuses on everlasting ideas and universal truths. To clarify, Perennialism suggests that the focus of education should be the ideas that have lasted for centuries believing the ideas are as relevant and meaningful today as when they were written. This educational philosophy aims to prepare students for life by developing their intellectual and moral qualities through emphasizing knowledge and the meaning of knowledge, servings to enhance student’s critical thinking skills in their search for individual freedoms, human rights and responsibilities through nature.
- Mortimer Adler
- Jacques Maritain
- Robert Hutchins
Perennialism in Education
The aim of Perennialism in Education is to develop power of thought, internalize truths that are universal and constant and to ensure that students acquire understanding about the great ideas of Western civilization. This is the most conservative, traditional, and flexible philosophy. Perennailism stimulate students in how to think critically and thoughtfully; cultivating the rational mind.
Role of Teacher – perennailism is a teacher- centered philosophy, in which the teacher is less concerned with student interest and more concerned with transferring knowledge from older generations to younger generations. The teacher will focus on the importance of reading and will often use the underlying reading lessons to make a moral point. Teachers use history, religion, literature, and the laws of science to reinforce universal ideas that have the potential to solve any problem in any era.
Curriculum and Methods – Perennialism is the classroom is focused on the curriculum and nature need. Curriculum will focus on attaining cultural literacy, stressing students’ growth in enduring disciplines. They stress learning through reading and analyzing the works by history’s finest thinkers and writers. Perennialists believe that reading is to be supplemented with mutual investigations with teacher and minimally directed discussions through the Socratic method in order to develop historically oriented understanding of concepts. Less emphasis on vocational and technical education and more on the humanities.